“That text message was generated using one of a new breed of peer-to-peer texting apps that exploit a gap in communications law to hit up your phone without your permission. They allow campaign volunteers to send a large numbers of texts to voters one at a time. The apps were a novelty in 2016, a staple in 2018, and will be indispensable for campaigns at all levels in 2020, with over a billion such texts expected to be sent by both Republican and Democratic candidates.” FastCo: Inside the 2020 campaign messaging war that’s pelting our phones with texts. (The question is whether or not these texts, that I’m guessing make you angry, will ultimately have a paradoxical effect.)