As the Derek Chauvin trial enters closing arguments, it’s worth asking whether anything has actually changed since our summer of pandemic protests. It may not be enough yet, but the answer is yes. NYT: “States have passed over 140 police oversight bills since the killing of George Floyd, increasing accountability and overhauling rules on the use of force. But the calls for change continue.” Of course, it’s a big problem to tackle: Since testimony in Derek Chauvin’s trial began on March 29, more than three people a day have died at the hands of law enforcement.

+ While police violence and mass shootings dominate the headlines, the even bigger story is the horror of everyday murder in America. 7-year-old girl shot and killed in McDonald’s drive-thru in Chicago.

+ From The Guardian, a lede that defines America: “A gunman who murdered eight people at a FedEx warehouse in Indianapolis legally purchased the two semi-automatic rifles he used in the attack, months after a shotgun he owned was confiscated by police over concerns around his mental health.”