“Greenland lost a record amount of ice during an extra warm 2019, with the melt massive enough to cover California in more than four feet (1.25 meters) of water, a new study said.” AP: Record melt: Greenland lost 586 billion tons of ice in 2019.

+ Greenland’s ice sheet has melted to a point of no return, according to new study.

+ “Officials across the region begged residents to get ready to leave their homes, that the danger would linger for days if not weeks.” Crews prepare for long battle as dozens of fires rage across Bay Area, Northern California.

+ “California’s incarcerated firefighters have for decades been the state’s primary firefighting ‘hand crews,’ and the shortage has officials scrambling to come up with replacement firefighters in a dry season that is shaping up to be among the most extreme in years.” Sacramento Bee: California severely short on firefighting crews after COVID-19 lockdown at prison camps.