“By December 1992, something rare had happened. All three studies — all paid for by the industry — showed similar results: roughly a doubling of the rate of miscarriages for thousands of potentially exposed women. This time the industry reacted quickly. SIA pointed to a family of toxic chemicals widely used in chipmaking as the likely cause and declared that its companies would accelerate efforts to phase them out. IBM went further: It pledged to rid its global chip production of them by 1995 … Despite industry skepticism, three scientific studies led to changes that helped generations of women. ‘That’s almost a fairy tale in public health.'” Then the chipmaking duties got outsourced to other countries. But the scientific results didn’t. And the fairytale ended. From Businessweek: American Chipmakers Had a Toxic Problem. Then They Outsourced It.

+ WaPo: America’s new tobacco crisis: The rich stopped smoking, the poor didn’t.